Multnomah County Deputy District Attorneys will now consider immigration consequences when charging, making plea bargains, and sentencing noncitizens in an effort to avoid deportation when possible, District Attorney Mike Schmidt announced Thursday. Schmidt said the new policy aims to mitigate disproportionate impacts the criminal justice system can have on immigrant communities.
“These reforms announced today would not only promote reconciliation in Multnomah County, but they will also make members of our community safer,” said Tony DeFalco, executive director of Latino Network, at a press conference. “They would know that simply going to court for a traffic ticket or misdemeanor would not mean that their entire lives would be uprooted.”
The new policy directs Deputy District Attorneys to reach “immigration neutral” case resolutions whenever possible, meaning prosecutors should bring charges that don’t result in automatic deportation for noncitizens. The policy also explicitly restricts prosecutors from threatening an immigrant with criminal charges that would lead to deportation in an effort to get a plea bargain. Under the new policy, prosecutors may opt to charge an immigrant with reasonable charges that do not trigger automatic deportation proceedings under federal law.
Prior to this policy, immigrants could be deported and given lifelong bans for nonviolent offenses, while US citizens charged with the exact same crime would typically only receive a few months of probation. According to Schmidt, deportation as a result of engaging with the criminal justice system is a common consequence for immigrants in Multnomah County that offers little to no safety to the region.
“In this circumstance, deportation does nothing to make us more safe as a community,” Schmidt said. “Instead, it has the potential to break up families, threaten the local economy, and to propagate generational iniquities. These outcomes make us all less safe.”
The policy also prohibits the Multnomah County District Attorney’s office from sharing information with US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agents and permits deputy district attorneys to reschedule or waive appearances to the courthouse for victims, witnesses, or defendants who believe they are at risk of being detained by federal law enforcement.
The policy reforms were developed over the past year in collaboration with Latino advocacy group Latino Network, Oregon Justice Resource Center (OJRC), and Portland Community College’s CLEAR Clinic, a free legal clinic. The policy was inspired by several other similar immigration reform policies in Colorado, Massachusetts, California, and New York. However, Multnomah County is the first county in Oregon to create an immigration-neutral prosecution policy.
Schmidt stressed that this policy doesn’t make sentencing more lenient for immigrants who commit crimes, rather it aims to create similar consequences for noncitizens and US citizens who commit the same crimes. Immigration judges can still consider previous crimes when making deportation decisions.
“Justice should promote equality, and as it stands now, not all Oregonians are given the same equal treatment under the law,” DeFalco of Latino Network said. “If the punishment for a crime for one person is a fine or community service, and for another it is separation from their family, then we are not supporting justice.”